Gum diseases are serious oral health problems, and children may experience gum problems at an early age. While most gum diseases spring out of bad oral hygiene, some children may suffer from issues like gingivitis because of their genetics. So, while you can avoid them teaching your children good oral practices, your child may have to suffer from any of them.

There are a few types of gum diseases that trouble children. Read on to know the conditions, their symptoms, and risk factors.

Chronic Gingivitis

Chronic gingivitis is prevalent and one of the top oral ailments that trouble children. It causes the gums to swell up, turn red and bleed. Gingivitis is caused by bacteria that flourish in the food debris that gets stuck between the teeth. It eventually leads to the plaque build-up, which hardens to form tartar. As a result, the gums get infected and may bleed while brushing or eating. This condition worsens with time and can loosen the teeth because the bacteria damage the tissues and can also infect the bone underneath the teeth. It is rare for children to have a severe form of gingivitis; they most often suffer from a milder form that is possible to treat if caught in the nick of time.

Aggressive Periodontitis

Aggressive periodontitis is found in teenagers and young adults. This condition mainly affects the molars and incisors, which do not come out till the teens. In most cases, periodontitis happens when gingivitis is left untreated. It is characterized by gum recession and gum inflammation, which progress and worsens gradually.

5 Signs that Point Towards Gum Disease

Gum Bleeding

Bleeding gums are one of the first signs of gum disease. You will observe bleeding regularly during brushing or after brushing your teeth. You may also notice redness and pain in your gums.

Tender Gums

Gums that appear red, puffy, and tender to touch, indicate an issue in the gums or the beginning of an infection in the mouth.

Receding Gums

Gums that are pulling away from teeth, resulting in loose teeth and pain, are a sign of gum disease in children.

Bad Breath

Consistent bad breath is also a symptom of gum disease. If you experience that no matter what you do, you cannot get rid of the bad breath coming out of your child’s mouth, you probably face to face with gum disease.

Loose Teeth

As already mentioned, gum diseases can cause the gums to recede, which results in loose teeth. Children with gum disease may also lose their teeth if treatment is delayed.

Tracking Down Gum Disease

Gum disease can go unnoticed for a very long time. It is known to be sneaky, and it can suddenly present with complications.  It is the reason; you have to be very particular about your children’s dentist visits. A dentist will perform a thorough examination and will also perform X-rays if needed and spot the trouble before it gets worse.

How are Gum Diseases Treated?

  1. Proper Oral Care

Gingivitis is reversible with proper oral care. Your dentist will ask you to brush twice a day with your toothpaste, or he may prescribe a new one for the time being. Flossing daily is also essential to treat and avoid gingivitis.

Periodontitis needs more care and treatments to get better. Some cases might also need the extreme step of surgery.

  1. Scaling or Root Planing

Scaling and root planing are cleaning methods that involve scraping and removing tartar from the tooth surface and also from below the gum line.

  1. Antibiotics

Antibiotics are used with scaling and root planing procedures. They ensure that the infection in the mouth does not spread any further, and the inflammation gets reduced. Anti-biotics are prescribed in different forms, including mouth-washes, gels, fibers, pills, etc.

  1. Surgery

Advanced cases of periodontitis can be treated only through surgery. A dental surgeon opens the gum pockets and cleans them before stitching them back tightly closer to the teeth.

  1. Gingival Grafting

In a surgery, if the dentist finds that the gums are too diseased to be stitched back, he/she takes healthy gum tissue from elsewhere in the mouth and stitches it on the gums. This procedure is known as grafting, and it effectively replaces infected gums and anchors the teeth.

Milton Pediatric Dentistry is equipped to handle all types of oral health issues related to children. The doctors here are trained in identifying the symptoms of early-stage gingivitis or periodontitis. They will provide you with a timely resolution that will save you and your child a lot of pain and multiple doctor appointments. Book an appointment today to get your children thoroughly checked by an expert dentist.