“What you eat is what you will look, just as what you sow is what you reap. Eat good food: eat fruits, vegetables, healthy grains, and don’t go for sweet and trite food” – Rakul Preet Singh

Global obesity statistics show that the number of people who are medically classified as obese has tripled since 1975. Also, the world’s population mainly resides in countries (or regions) where more people die from the consequences of obesity than starvation. And finally, 2016 figures show that 41 million children were categorized as overweight or obese.

These are staggering numbers, and it is clear that that something must be done to reduce these statistics. However, it must be stated at the outset of this article that there is an official difference between the terms “overweight” and “obese.”

The accepted definition, according to the World Health Organisation, of both obesity and overweight, is that both conditions include “abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair human health.

On the other hand, the fundamental difference between these two terms is the Body Mass Index (BMI).  Essentially, the BMI is the ratio of weight to height that is used to classify the difference between overweight and obese. An obese adult’s BMI is usually 30 and above. While an overweight person’s BMI is between 25 and 29.

The consequences of Obesity

It is vital to understand the health-related consequences of obesity on the human body. Furthermore, these consequences are not only physical, but they are also mental and emotional. There is also a direct correlation between physical health and emotional well-being.

According to Jane Collingwood, there is a direct correlation between mental and physical health. She notes in her article titled, The Relationship Between Mental and Physical Health, published on psychcentral.com, that people with depression often have poor physical health. She goes on further to state that “depression and other physical health conditions have separate but additive effects on well-being.”

Moreover, the Canadian Mental Health Association emphasizes the fact that mental and physical health are linked at a fundamental level. In other words, chronic mental health conditions can be translated into chronic physical health conditions and vice versa. Therefore, it is vital to ensure that attention is paid to both mental health and physical health conditions.

For the completeness of this discussion, here is a list of the more common physical and mental health illnesses that can be caused by obesity: Cardiovascular, cardiac or heart disease, type 2 diabetes, depression, anxiety, cancers like colon and breast cancer, and osteoarthritis.

Pointers to help you lose weight

Therefore, it is imperative to embark on the lifestyle change that will allow you to lose weight and improve your quality of life as soon as possible.

It might be worth noting that one of the places that adults accumulate excess weight is around the abdomen or stomach. Thus, here are several tips to help you lose this excess weight.

Consult your general physician or doctor

This point becomes more critical as your BMI figures increase. Succinctly stated, your heart and joints are already under pressure from having to work hard to carry the excessive bulk; therefore, it is vital to go for a health check-up before embarking on a weight loss program. Your doctor will advise you on where to start and how to progress.

Start an exercise program

It is a fact that moderate aerobic exercise for 30 minutes, five days a week will start you on your weight loss journey. Additionally, it is a good idea to sign up for fitness classes that will allow you to exercise during inclement weather conditions. Global climate change, including heatwaves, tropical storms, hurricanes, tornados, typhoons, and winter blizzards and snowstorms will have a negative impact on your ability to exercise outdoors.

Follow a healthy eating plan

A healthy eating plan differs radically from a fad- or starvation-diet. Most medical experts or dieticians recommend reducing your daily food intake by 500 calories per day. Furthermore, it’s vital to eat foods that are low-carb, high-protein, zero-sugar, high in soluble fiber and low in trans-fatty acids. It is also vital to reduce alcohol intake levels as drinks like beer and wine are high in sugars and carbohydrates.

Reduce stress

Finally, high-stress levels force the body into a “Fight-or-flight” mode where there is an increase in the cortisol levels in your bloodstreams. This results in an increase in stomach fat as your body goes into survival mode.

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