More Australians than any other community are affected by skin cancer. Within Australia, the risk of skin cancer is more among the elderly. Skin cancer occurs when we are overexposed to the harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun. However, other factors may be responsible too.
- Skin type- Anyone may develop or have skin cancer. You might get this disease if you are a dark-skinned person. However, the risk of getting skin cancer increases significantly in light-skinned people. If you have light hair, light eyes and get freckles in the sun, you are more prone to developing skin cancer than others.
- Sunburn history- If you have been sunburnt during your childhood or teenage years, the chances of you getting skin cancer are higher. People who have had a history of getting sunburns are high-risk groups.
- Tanning and sun exposure- If you are overexposed to the sun, you might develop skin cancer. People who are working in the sun for long hours without protecting their skin adequately fall in high-risk groups. Similarly, tanning your body also increases the risk. When you tan your body with tanning beds and lamps, the chance of getting skin cancer increases.
- Sunny areas and high altitudes- One reason why many Australians develop skin cancer is: They live in bright areas. These regions receive a lot of sunlight. Similarly, if you are staying in the high-altitude regions that receive a lot of the sun, then also the risk is higher. People living in colder areas are less likely to get skin cancer.
- Having moles- Do you have moles that are irregular and larger than the average ones? If the answer comes to you yes, then you are in a high-risk group. Consult your skin doctor if you have a history of abnormal moles. Visit website for more details on this subject.
- Skin lesions-If you are a white-skinned man or woman and have lesions on the neck, face, and hands, consult a doctor. These lesions may be dark brown or pink and would give an itchy feeling. Doctors call these lesions actinic keratosis.
- If you have hereditary skin cancer, then you might also develop this disease. And, in the other way, if you have had a history of skin cancer, you are at risk.
- People having weak immune systems also risk having skin cancer.
Signs of Skin Cancer:
People who develop this disease show the following symptoms:
- Your skin appears to be scaly.
- Lesions don’t heal quickly.
- You have got pink or red spots on your skin.
- The moles on your skin change in colour, appearance, and size.
- Certain portions of your skin become itchy and too soft to touch.
- Your moles become itchy and start bleeding.
If you diagnose any of these symptoms, please consult a dermatologist immediately. However, certain skin cancers don’t show any signs at all, so it’s wise to check with your doctor regularly.
Treatments of Skin Cancer:
Let’s look at the various treatment steps:
- Freezing of cancerous skin cells by liquid nitrogen.
- Excisional surgery- Here, your doctor cuts off the lesion and the surrounding healthy skin.
- In Moh’s surgery, surgeons try to conserve as much natural skin as possible. This operation is applicable for basal and squamous skin cancers. During this surgery, the surgeon removes every layer of the affected skin under the microscope, removes it and continues this procedure until no cancerous cells remain.
- Radiation therapy- Doctors use X-rays to burn off cancerous cells.
- Chemotherapy- Using drugs to remove cancerous cells.
- Cryotherapy- In this treatment, the surgeon uses a blade and liquid nitrogen to remove cancerous cells.
We hope this article was an easy guide to you on skin cancer. Take care!